Assign priority to learning levels knowledge, skills, attitudes. Active learning and teaching methods 1 active learning and teaching methods the revised curriculum aims to empower our young people to develop their potential as individuals and to make informed and responsible decisions for living and working in the 21st century. Against these contexts, the book focuses on developing professional academic skills for teaching. Outcomesbased teaching and learning obtl centre for. They further argue that these teachers, managed to develop the skills in learners. Outcome based education incorporates the principles of mastery learning but goes beyond them to be concerned with what students are to learn and why. Principles, practice and learning outcomes see figure 1. Facilitating outcomes based learning and teaching a guide for trainers and fet college lecturers 2 introduction using this guide this guide operates as learning support material for the trainer facilitating the understanding of outcomes based concepts and approaches to teaching, learning, assessment and lesson design. An outcomes based approach to curriculum development is essential in structuring and achieving desirable learning outcomes of a professional education program. The typical need involves getting staff to recognize that textbooks and subject matter outlines are neither the. Good learning outcomes are focused on what the learner will know or be able to do by the end of a defined period of time and indicate how that knowledge or skill will be demonstrated.
We can think of obe as a theory or philosophy of education in the sense that it embodies and expresses a certain set of beliefs and assumptions about learning, teaching and the. This paper aims to demonstrate how assessment tasks can function within an outcomesbased learning framework to evaluate student attainment of learning outcomes. Outcome based education or outcomes based education obe is an educational theory that bases each part of an educational system around goals outcomes. Outcomes based education obe is a process that involves the restructuring of. We believe the results obtained are strong indications of improvement of learning outcomes achieved and can serve as a useful model for curriculum development for other programs. Even in the education literature, the usage of these terms seems contradictory at times. A good learning outcome states what a student will know or be able to do at the end of instruction.
Does outcomes based teaching and learning make a difference in. The concept of project based learning pbl has garnered wide support among a number of k12 education policy advocates and funders. Its trademark lexicallyrich approach shows students how vocabulary works, and the evenlypaced grammar syllabus provides examples and tasks based on what people actually say and write. A practical guide to effective teaching for educators in all instructional settings, this account provides an introduction to nine teaching strategies considered to be the most useful for a majority of teachers. An outcomesbased approach to curriculum development in. Each learning outcome is represented by a sentence that consists of an action verb related to a cognitive process and a clearly defined content related to a specific knowledge type.
Importance of outcome based education obe academic. Teaching strategies for outcomes based education top results of your surfing teaching strategies for outcomes based education start download portable document format pdf and e books electronic books free online rating news 20162017 is books that can provide inspiration, insight, knowledge to the reader. Aligning assessment with learning outcomes in outcome. Outcomesbased teaching and learning, of which constructive alignment is one form is based on such questions as.
Mastery learning, they explain, is a technique for insuring that more students learn well, but it applies to any content. An outcomes based approach an outcomes based approach to education clearly speci. A handbook for teaching and learning in higher education a handbook for teaching and learning in higher educationis sensitive to the competing demands of teaching, r esearch and scholarship, and academic management. A nonstatutory guide for practitioners and inspectors to. By the end of the educational experience, each student should have achieved the goal. Writing and using learning outcomes writing and using. The most common mistake in writing learning outcomes is to use vague terms like know, understand, learn, be familiar with, be exposed to, be acquainted with and be aware of.
In addition, these chapters make clear links between teaching, learning and the theories that frame, shape and inform these learning and teaching processes. Pdf ebook on outcome based education obe researchgate. In outcomesbased education obe, the design of the curriculum, syllabus, teaching and learning strategies, and assessment should be constructively aligned with the student performance. This is expressed as the intended learning outcome ilo, which is a statement of what the learner is supposed to be able to do and at what standard. Ebook teaching strategies for outcomes based education as pdf.
What do i intend my students to be able to do after my teaching that they couldnt do before, and to what standard. Outcome based assessment means that the assessment process must be aligned with the learning outcomes. When students attend lectures, however, their main activity is receiving, not doing. Performance based learning and assessment achieve a balanced approach by extending traditional factandskill instruction figure 1. Seven researchbased principles for smart teaching by susan a. You can also see this in the mapping to the cefr here. Outcomebased approaches place the emphasis on the student. Outcomesbased education obe description focusing and organizing everything in an education system around what is essential for all students to be able to. We help students selfdirected learning with the vocabulary builder, the grammar reference with exercises and the online workbook which comes with all the students books. An outcomesbased approach to curriculum development in pharmacy. A learning outcome makes clear the intended result of the learning rather than what form the instruction will take. Display this resource as a poster in your classroom or any other way you see fit. Developed by larry michaelson, team based learning is a largeclass, case based teaching and learning strategy that involves the development of multiple teams within a class and use of course concepts to solve problems.
What is obe outcomebased education obe is an theory that bases education around predefined goals outcomes. Background as part of the second phase of the tuning project, the subject groups reflected on good practices in teaching, learning and assessment, in particular how teaching, learning. The research presented in this book provides practical and theoretical insights into learning and teaching in early. The second edition of outcomes has been fully revised and updated to provide contemporary, global content and stunning national geographic photos and videos. It will ensure that instructors, departments, programs and the university are actively able to demonstrate and account for student achievement of learning outcomes. Part of the lecture notes in computer science book series lncs, volume 6837. Deduce learning outcomes from desirable terminal practicebased behaviours implicit in graduate attributes 4. Best practice in outcomesbased teaching and learning at cuhk. Part of the lecture notes in computer science book series lncs, volume 5685.
By the end of the educational experience, each student is expected to have achieved that. Hence we need to devise teaching learning activities tlas that. However learning indicators, when given along with the pedagogical processes, are likely to help teachers and children to achieve these curricular expectations as well as learning outcomes. Waghodekar and others published ebook on outcome based education obe find, read and cite all the. This chapter also addresses important qualities of clinical teachers as identified in research on clinical teaching effectiveness and the stressful nature of clinical teaching and learning. Blooms revised taxonomy provides the framework for writing courselevel learning outcomes. Outcomebased teaching and learning emphasizes the explicit declaration of learning outcomes which identify the tasks students are expected to be able to perform after completing the course, and to what standard. The reform in the health services that stresses on professionalism had brought the necessity to adopt outcome based education obe in medical education. Shift of instructional focus outcomesbased education obe focuses classroom instruction on the accomplishments skillscompetencies that students must demonstrate when they exit. The basic premise of obtl is that the teaching and learning activities tlas and assessment methods ams are constructively aligned figure 1 with the intended learning outcomes ilos for the course. Outcomebased education incorporates the principles of mastery learning but goes beyond them to be concerned with what students are to learn and why.
Outcomebased education teaching and learning lingnan. This is an easily understandable and practical guide to effective teaching for teachers and trainers in all instructional settings. Starting from the 1980s, there has been a worldwide trend to emphasise student learning outcomes in higher education. Learning indicators and learning outcomes at the elementary. In other words, the outcomes determine the curriculum content, the teaching methods and strategies, and the assessment process. Early years outcomes a nonstatutory guide for practitioners and inspectors to help inform understanding of child development through the early years. Feb 19, 2009 we believe the results obtained are strong indications of improvement of learning outcomes achieved and can serve as a useful model for curriculum development for other programs. What is performancebased learning and assessment, and why is.
All obl approaches take a criterionbased view of assessment and focus on what students can do with knowledge after a period of learning. An activelearning strategies primer for achieving ability. Outcome based teaching and learning emphasizes the explicit declaration of learning outcomes which identify the tasks students are expected to be able to perform after completing the course, and to what standard. Experience on outcomebased teaching and learning springerlink. Whereas you decide what to teach, performance based learning and assessment constitute a better way to deliver your curriculum.
The research presented in this book provides practical and theoretical insights into learning and teaching in early years, primary, secondary and tertiary education. Outcomesbased education obe description focusing and organizing everything in an education system around what is essential for all students to be able to do successfully at the end of their learning experiences. See below latter is the focus of this research and inclu des standards to be consistently demonstrated by the learner a t the end. They are very busy and seldom have time to read books. Principles and possibilities dr roy killen faculty of education, university of newcastle, australia this paper explores some of the basic principles of outcomesbased education and relates them to the australian school and vocational education context.
The concept of projectbased learning pbl has garnered wide support among a number of k12 education policy advocates and funders. Obtl also requires the teaching, learning and assessment activities to align with the stated learning outcomes. The learning indicators are expected to help stakeholders in a number of ways such as. Pdf active learning and teaching methods for key stages 1. An outcomesbased approach to curriculum development is essential in structuring and achieving desirable learning outcomes of a professional education program. Aligning assessment with learning outcomes in outcomebased. Good practices in outcomesbased learning and teaching are, therefore, well.
Outcomebased teaching and learning emphasizes the explicit declaration of. Trialling change in a postgraduate civil engineering course. How do i supply learning activities that will help them achieve those outcomes. It is important to link learning outcomes to teaching and learning activities and assessment. Outcomebased education or outcomesbased education obe is an educational theory that bases each part of an educational system around goals outcomes. Developed by larry michaelson, teambased learning is a largeclass, casebased teaching and learning strategy that involves the development of multiple teams within a class and use of course concepts to solve problems. Resource includes all learning outcomes for the alberta g. A guide to developing and assessing learning outcomes at the. Draft learning outcomes the nationa l policy on education 1986, and the programme of action 1992 emphasised that minimum levels of learning mlls should be laid down and childrens learning should periodically be assessed to keep a track of their progress towards ensuring that all children acquire at least the minimum levels of learning. Performance based learning and assessment are not a curriculum design. A guide to developing and assessing learning outcomes at. Teaching strategies for quality teaching and learning roy. Based on the philosophy that teachers need to be reflective practitioners who make deliberate choices in order to maximize student learning, this book draws on a wide range of research and the practical experiences of many teachers to construct an easily understandable and practical guide to effective outcomesbased teaching.
The quality of teaching is to be judged by the quality of learning that takes place. Apr 28, 2004 based on the philosophy that teachers need to be reflective practitioners who make deliberate choices in order to maximize student learning, this book draws on a wide range of research and the practical experiences of many teachers to construct an easily understandable and practical guide to effective outcomes based teaching. Foegeding t here is considerable confusion about exactly what constitutes a learning outcome and how or if it is distinguished from learning objectives or competencies. In teaching and learning stem, wellknown stem education authorities richard felder and rebecca brent outline a researchproven, learnercentered approach to stem instruction that has been shown to advance a broad range of learning outcomes and increase retention in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. Ebook teaching strategies for outcomes based education as. An outcomesbased approach an outcomesbased approach to education clearly speci. Developing objectives and relating them to assessment.201 1260 462 50 1183 925 1118 83 1429 1173 1362 1298 196 1272 1450 1202 958 335 783 1385 801 151 844 1116 303 1237 67 14 683 195 357 1014 83 270 1402 274 256 434 1494 1278 206 1286 307 935 1037 1152 1181